Formulating agricultural extension planning based on farmer achievement: the case of organic rice farming risk mitigation in Indonesia

Maman, Ujang and Razak, Yusron and Murodi and Saefuddin, Asep and Hendra, Faisal and Zirmansyah and Nindyantoro and Ichdayati, Lilis Imamah and Junaidi (2022) Formulating agricultural extension planning based on farmer achievement: the case of organic rice farming risk mitigation in Indonesia. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 10 (1). pp. 64-76. ISSN 2332-2284

[img] Text (Article's Content)
ILS0244-23_Isi-Artikel.pdf - Published Version

Download (366kB)
[img] Text (Plagiarism Check)
ILS0244-23_Cek-Turnitin.pdf - Supplemental Material

Download (3MB)
Official URL:


Currently, more than 65% of Indonesian farmers are at the age of 45 years or older. In next 30 years, it is estimated that Indonesia will experience a farmers’ scarcity. The Indonesian government must raise millennial farmers who are relatively educated and have high creativity. But the coming of “new farmer” should be followed by changing agricultural extension model. The top-down extension is no longer suitable with basic characters of youth; they need a dialogical-participatory extension model which is based on their achievements. Therefore, by the case of mitigating organic rice farming system in Indonesia, this research aims to identify ORFS’s risk mitigation attributes; achievement of mitigation implementation; and improvement priorities; and finally arrange agricultural extension planning based on this achievement. The sample of this research, by adopting Slovin Formula with less than 7% error probability, is 109 organic rice farmers in West Java, Indonesia. The in-depth interviews prove six mitigation attributes in cultivation and plant maintenance phase. Assisted by important-performance-analysis to determine farmer’s achievement in implementation of these attributes, the agricultural extension planning should maintain the implementation of three attributes; remediate two attributes as main program, and extend the performance of one attribute as secondary program. The three attributes include promoting cultivation plant-based pesticide ingredient, training and outreach on manufacture and use of plant-based pesticides, and weeding plants without herbicides. The two attributes consist of socialization not to pollute organic agricultural land; and collaborate with relevant agencies to participate in the success of organic farming pilot project. The one attribute is giving sanctions for farmers who buy and use chemical inputs. The participatory extension model should be applied to implement above three kinds of extension planning.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Importance; Performance; Farmer Achievement; Extension Planning
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 330 Economics > 333 Economic of Land and Energy
600 Applied sciences & technology > 620 Engineering > 621 Applied Physics
Divisions: Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (UAI)
Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (UAI) > Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya (FIB)
Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (UAI) > Fakultas Psikologi dan Pendidikan (FPP)
Depositing User: Randy Rahmat
Date Deposited: 20 May 2023 07:06
Last Modified: 20 May 2023 07:06

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item