Diplomasi Arab Saudi melalui organisasi kerja sama Islam (OKI): studi kasus kontestasi hegemoni ideologi vis-à-visIran pasca KTT OKI 2016

Paradisiaca, Lamda Fietry and Yuniasih, Tulus and Fadlillah, Syafiuddin (2022) Diplomasi Arab Saudi melalui organisasi kerja sama Islam (OKI): studi kasus kontestasi hegemoni ideologi vis-à-visIran pasca KTT OKI 2016. Balcony: Budi Luhur Journal of Contemporary Diplomacy, 6 (1). pp. 41-60. ISSN 2798-2009

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This research aims to describe and analyze the diplomatic efforts carried out by Saudi Arabia through the OIC which is the largest organization after the United Nations. Such efforts were aimed to win the ideological competition between Sunnis and Shiites against Iran. This research based on the realism perspective. The time period of this research is limited between 2016 until 2021, starting after the 13th OIC Summit on April 14th – 15th, 2016. This research is an analytical descriptive research, using the qualitative method. In the analysis, this research uses the concept of diplomacy supported by the theory of balance of power, the concept of hegemony, the concept of ideology, and regionalism concept. The results of this research indicate that in order to win the competition with Iran, in ideological hegemony in the Middle East Region, Saudi Arabia has made diplomatic efforts through the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Saudi Arabia conducted hard diplomacy and soft diplomacy. Hard diplomacy was carried out by blocking Iran from several OIC summits, which was intended to threat Iran. The soft diplomacy method was carried out through the official statements from Saudi Arabia, which was intended to influence the OIC's policy direction. These showed the application of a balance of power, which was to balance and inhibit Iran's Shia ideology. In addition, soft diplomacy was also applied through the leadership of Saudi Arabia in the organization which was shown by the domination on the structure of the OIC. In strengthening the efforts to maintain the hegemony of Sunni ideology, Saudi Arabia has also provided financial assistance aimed at helping the OIC and its organs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: diplomacy; ideological hegemony; international relations; organization of islamic cooperation (OIC); Iran; Saudi Arabia
Subjects: 200 Religion > 2X0 Islam > 2X6 Islamic socio-cultural systems > 2X6.6 Islamic organizations (NU, Muhammadiyah, ICMI, etc.]
300 Social sciences > 320 Political science > 327 International Relations
Divisions: Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (UAI) > Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik (FISIP) > Hubungan Internasional
Depositing User: Rifda Jilan
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2023 15:27
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2023 15:27
URI: http://eprints.uai.ac.id/id/eprint/2015

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