Cytotoxic T cells response with decreased CD4/CD8 ratio during mammary tumors inhibition in rats induced by non-contact electric fields

Alamsyah, Firman and Pratiwi, Rarastoeti and Firdausi, Nisrina and Pello, Jessica Irene Mesak and Nugraheni, Subekti Evi Dwi and Fadhlurrahman, Ahmad Ghitha and Nurhidayat, Luthfi and Taruno, Warsito Purwo (2021) Cytotoxic T cells response with decreased CD4/CD8 ratio during mammary tumors inhibition in rats induced by non-contact electric fields. F1000Research, 10 (35). pp. 1-21. ISSN 2046-1402

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"Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide and is the leading cause of death amongst women with cancer. One novel therapy used for breast cancer treatment constitutes non-contact electric fields and is called electro-capacitive cancer therapy (ECCT) with intermediate frequency and low intensity. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of ECCT on mammary tumors growth in rats and observing the immune responses that play a role in fighting the tumor. Methods: Female SD rats were used and divided into four groups, namely control (NINT), placebo (NIT), non- therapy (INT), and therapy (IT) groups with 6 biological replicates in each group. Rats in INT and IT groups were treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene for mammary tumor induction. Only rats in NIT and IT groups were exposed to ECCT individually for 10 hours per day for 21 days. The size of all tumors was measured with a digital caliper. The distributions of PCNA, ErbB2, caspase-3, CD68, CD4, and CD8-positive cells were observed with immunohistochemistry and scoring with ImageJ. Results: The growth rate of mammary tumors in IT group was significantly lower (p<0.05) than that in INT group. The number of mitotic figures and the percentage of PCNA, caspase-3, and CD68-positive cells in IT group were significantly lower (p<0.05) than those in INT group. Conversely, the percentage of CD8-positive T cells in IT group was significantly higher (p<0.05) than that in INT group. Moreover, the CD4/CD8 ratio in IT group was found to have decreased. Some tumor tissues were blackened and detached from the surrounding tissue, resulting in an open wound which then healed upon exposure. Conclusions: Non-contact electric fields exposure showed inhibition on mammary tumor growth in rats while inducing CD8+ T cells, leading to tumor cell death and potentially helping wounds heal."

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is indexed in Q1 Journal Ranking Index; TURNITIN's similarity index result was checked based on rules stated in "Pedoman Operasional Penilaian Angka Kredit Kenaikan Jabatan Akademik/Pangkat Dosen" ( pp. 23-25
Uncontrolled Keywords: non-contact electric fields, ECCT, mammary tumors, CD8+ T cells, CD4/CD8 ratio
Subjects: 500 Natural sciences & mathematics > 570 Life sciences (Biology)
600 Applied sciences & technology > 610 Medicine & health
Divisions: Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (UAI) > Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi (FST) > Biologi
Depositing User: Rifda Jilan
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2021 04:36
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2021 07:59

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